Shroff Eye Openers – Eye Care Tips For Daily Use
Eyes are considered to be the mirrors of your soul and taking care of them is of utmost importance. Eye care should be an important part of our daily life. The eye is an extremely delicate organ and any damage may result in permanent loss of sight.
Vision problems can present with a variety of symptoms ranging from simple irritation of the eye to decrease/loss of vision. This may be very uncomfortable and at times disturbing for the patient. Common symptoms include –
Blurry, Distorted Vision, Difficulty Seeing Near Objects, Difficulty Seeing Distant Objects
Simple refractive error in which light is focused at a spot other than the back of the retina is the most common cause. Myopia (near sightedness), hyperopia (far sightedness) and astigmatism lie within this category of vision problems. The most prevalent treatment methods involve prescription eyewear such as glasses and contact lenses, but LASIK surgery is becoming an ever more popular and effective long-term solution.
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Do check your suitability for Laser Eye Surgery or LASIK as latest technology customizes the treatments for your needs, numbers and age.
The most common symptom of cataract is cloudy vision, wherein the visual image becomes obscured as if seen through a mist. This condition is a result of loss of transparency of the lens with age. Cataract removal is possible in almost all cases via surgery, so it is important for patients’ experiencing this problem to contact an eye doctor as soon as possible.
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DO NOT wait for your cataract to mature. Visit your eye doctor in the early stage of cataract, as new advanced treatment will work better.
Loss of Peripheral Vision
Vision can be divided into 2 domains – central and peripheral.
While discerning the small details of an object’s appearance requires us to focus on it with the central part of our vision, our peripheral vision helps us detect motion at the edges of our field of view. Glaucoma is one of the common conditions, which causes deterioration of the quality of peripheral vision. Glaucoma treatment options are usually effective, but much more so if the disease is caught early.
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DO check your eyes with an eye doctor. Without proper treatment, glaucoma in the eyes can lead to irreversible blindness.
Itchy, Watery Eyes
Prolonged itchiness and watering of the eyes is among the more common vision problems. These are due to some type of eye allergies to pollen, pet hair, or to some other foreign substance in the environment. The eyes often become red and very uncomfortable, though significant vision loss is rare.
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Don’t splash water inside your eyes, as is a habit for some people. This washes away the tear film that is a protective layer and can cause ‘dry eyes’ in the long run.
Floaters and Flashes
Dark, distinct spots in the vision field caused by the presence of non-transparent substances in the fluid of the eyeball are called floaters. People who see flashes often describe them as being like an arc of light across the field of vision, or a light bulb going on and off. Floaters and flashes are among the symptoms that arise after retinal detachment, in which the retina peels away from its underlying supports and ceases to function properly. This condition is an emergency and can lead to permanent blindness if not treated immediately.
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DO check your eyes regularly if you have Diabetes. Diabetes is a leading cause of blindness and its early detection and treatment can greatly decrease the risk
Shroff Eye Openers TM – DO’s and DON’Ts
While not all eye diseases can be prevented, there are simple steps that everyone can take to help their eyes remain healthy now and reduce their chances of vision loss in the future.
During the Summer –
Wear sunglasses – UV blocking sunglasses delay the development of cataracts, since direct sunlight hastens their formation. Sunglasses prevent retinal damage; they also protect the delicate eyelid skin to prevent both wrinkles and skin cancer around the eye. Make sure your sunglasses block 100 percent of UV rays and UV-B rays.
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Don’t step outdoors in the summer without Ultraviolet absorbing eyewear.
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Don’t presume that the darker the tint of your sunglasses the more UV protection you have. If not really UV protected, such eyewear will cause more damage.
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Lower your computer screen so that the centre of the screen is 4-8 inches below your eye level and at a viewing distance of 20-28 inches.
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Use a document holder placed next to your computer screen. It should be close enough so you don’t have to swing your head back and forth or constantly change your eye focus.
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Concentrate on blinking whenever you begin to sense symptoms of dry or irritated eyes.
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Take frequent breaks when on the computer. Follow the 20-20-20 rule. This simply means every 20 minutes, look away beyond 20 feet and blink 20 times. This will prevent Computer Vision Syndrome
Sports – Protect Your Eyes
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Do use safety eye wear while playing sports like Golf and Squash as there are higher chances of eye injury as the small sized balls can hit the eye directly as against larger balls which would hit the bony rim of the eye socket
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Do wash your hands properly before handling your contact lenses
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Do not sleep with your contact lenses on
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Do not wear your contact lenses while swimming or bathing
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Do not use saliva to wet your lenses. Your mouth is full of bacteria.
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Do not wear yearly lenses longer than their expiry as it will not be safe or hygienic for your eyes
Children – Even a simple refractive error can make it difficult for a child to read, resulting in poor results at school.
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DO check your children’s eyes regularly with an eye doctor. One in four children have a vision problem that can interfere with their learning
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DO check your children’s eyes if they are squinting, rubbing or excessively blinking their eyes
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DO teach your child to never look directly at the sun (especially during an eclipse).
When should children undergo their first eye exam?
Shortly after birth, the doctor gives an infant its very first eye exam, but this precaution screens only for serious, congenital conditions, not quality of eyesight.
Generally, your child should undergo a vision screening around age three.
Frequency of eye examination:
Whether or not vision problems are detected in the initial screening, children should continue to undergo annual exams through the age of 10 or so. Regular eye exams should be performed throughout the teen years if problems do begin to manifest themselves. Eyesight quality often fails to stabilize until adulthood; thus, prescriptions and treatment plans may need to be updated regularly before the age of 18.
The Importance of Regular Eye Checkups for Adults
Adults with no signs or risk factors for eye disease should get their eyes checked at the age of 40 years – the time when early signs of disease and changes in vision may start to occur.
Presbyopia affects most people in their 40s. At some point, nearly everyone begins to notice blurry vision when looking at things close up, as when reading, using the computer, or sewing.
Macular Degeneration Macular degeneration produces a very distinctive pattern of vision loss and distortion. The image at the very centre of the vision becomes blank, and shapes around it become twisted. The causes of macular degeneration vary, but the disease can be treated with medication, surgery, and other treatments designed specifically for macular degeneration.
Glaucoma An increase in the eye (intra-ocular) pressure is termed as glaucoma. There are many different types of glaucoma and they can cause permanent damage to the eyes. Because glaucoma signs and symptoms are not usually very noticeable in early stages of the disease, checkups by a specialist are necessary in order to prevent long-term consequences.
Early intervention – Most serious eye conditions, such as glaucoma and AMD, are more easily and successfully treated if diagnosed and treated early. Left untreated, these diseases can cause serious vision loss and blindness. Early intervention now will prevent vision loss later.
Know your family history – Many eye diseases cluster in families, so you should know your family’s history of eye disease because you may be at increased risk. Age-related eye diseases, including cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration are expected to dramatically increase by the year 2020
Ophthalmologists are specially trained to provide the full spectrum of eye care, from prescribing glasses and contact lenses to complex and delicate eye surgery.
With inputs from
Dr Ashok Shroff, Medical Retina and Anterior Segment
Dr Anand Shroff, Cataract, LASIK, Glaucoma
Dr Rahul Shroff, Retina and Vitreous
Open your eyes…
…. To a whole new world.
India’s First Eye Hospital to be accredited by Joint Commission International (International Division of JCAHO, USA) for excellence in patient care and health care delivery. Shroff Eye is also India’s first and only Wavelight Concerto 500 Hz LASIK center- The Worlds Safest and Fastest LASIK.